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Journal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2015, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 57-65

Keywords : ecovillage; sustainable development; connections in ecosystems; information connections; integrity;

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Publications dedicated to the ecovillages consider questions that are called ecological. But in fact such questions as the use of sustainable building materials, reducing the energy needs of buildings and others don’t represent ecological ones. Theoretical principles of ecological environment proposed by researchers for general plans of settlements also don’t show the interaction with the natural network of connections. Meanwhile ecology is first of all the science of the relationships in ecosystems. It means that if ecological settlements don’t consider these relationships, they cannot be regarded as ecological. And vice versa: the morphological structure of the general plan of ecological settlement should be considered as a tool for inscribing man and his habitat in a network of natural connections. Analysis of recent publications. Numerous types of natural connections can be divided into groups based on different criteria. In general there are three of them: physical, energy and information connections. The guarantee of human prosperity is to inscribe in the continuous round of nature - the cycle of matter, energy and information and support it wisely. Space and its shape, created in an urban environment and beyond, are not perceived properly by human. Any geometric shape, no matter what space it creates, is originally transcendental. Modern architects design spaces of transcendence without realizing it. Transcendental approach allows us to consider the shape from the standpoint of the unity of internal and external, material and the ideal, visible and invisible. This is a fundamentally different view of the world and its spatial (including architectural and urban) forms. There is only one significant force that unites all the ecosystems ? the information. Information flows are connected with the shape of the space. Ecological architecture and ecological settlements are the objects and spaces that restore human to the natural system of connections. Purpose. The aim of the publication is to reveal the aspects of the general plan of ecological settlement as of an important element in the matrix of the network of connections in ecosystems. Conclusion. To stop the destruction of the matrix of natural connections because of human activity in the field of architecture and urban design, we have to turn to the structural and planning organization based on the spatial inscribing into the matrix of ecosystem connections without their deformation.

Last modified: 2015-11-03 21:25:09