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Automation of calculation of fastening of non-standard freights on sea vessels

Journal: Reporter of the Priazovskyi State Technical University. Section: Technical sciences (Vol.30, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 72-80

Keywords : vessel; moment force; cross and longitudinal forces; safety; freight; lashings; sliding;

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Correct positioning and fastening of freights are important safety conditions of na-vigation. Unreliable positioning and fastening of freights results in shipwreck and is the reason for injuries and losses of human lives both in the sea and during loading and unloading. To solve the above-mentioned problems, the International Maritime Organization publishes manuals in the form of either the Assembly resolutions, or the circulars approved by Maritime Safety Committee. The correct definition of necessary quantity of lashings and their positioning has the greatest impact on safe fastening of freights. The sea being rough, the vessel is accelerated both in longitudinal, and vertical and prevailing cross directions. The forces created by these accelerations generate the majority of the problems in fastening. The order of calculations of the force moments and forces acting upon the freights being shipped by sea vessels has been shown in the article. To know the proper number of lashings the calculations of the forces acting upon the freights being shipped as compared with the forces holding the freights and taking into account the strength, the number and the fastening angle of the lashings must be made. Оption of realization of algorithm of calculation with use of the а computer program to make these calculations has been offered. Some recommendations so that the program could be used by the management of the vessel, the surveyor companies and technologists of the port have been given as well as an example of such a calculation

Last modified: 2015-11-26 22:38:12