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Anaerobic microbiological method of cleaning water contaminated by metallurgical slags

Journal: Reporter of the Priazovskyi State Technical University. Section: Technical sciences (Vol.30, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 214-219

Keywords : sulphides; wastewater; biochemical purification; anaerobes;

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The problem of environmental protection and rational use of water resources is one of the most important problems of environmental policy in Ukraine. This problem in Mariupol is particularly acute as metallurgical and coke industries cause significant damage to adjacent water bodies (the Kalchyk, the Kalmius and coastal zone of the Sea of Azov). One of the most harmful components of wastewater of these enterprises are sulfide-containing compounds. These compounds in water can cause great harm to both human health and the environment. For example, in 1999 the main city enterprises (AZOVSTAL IRON & STEEL WORKS and ILYICH IRON AND STEEL WORKS) discharged 885,0 million m? of wastewater (including 403,9 million m? of polluted waste water) into water bodies. The slag dumps and landfills in close proximity to the sea form a source of dangerous pollution, because contaminated water infiltration washed out here in the groundwater and surface water, get into the Sea of Azov later on. There are 97 mg/l of sulfides in the protective dam of AZOVSTAL IRON & STEEL WORKS, what exceeds the standards (MPC = 10 mg/l). It makes it possible for us to put forward biochemical purification processes. Anaerobic microbiological method proposed in the article has several advantages (compact hardware design, a minimum amount of activated sludge and lack of energy consumption for aeration) over the existing wastewater treatment (chemical, mechanical, biological). The experimental procedure consisted in introducing the medium to be purified purified into microbial communities of high concentration (Thiobacillus ?X?, Thiobacillus concretivorus), which assimilated organic substances of the medium as a primary energy source. The kinetics of sulfide compounds removal by means of anaerobic microbiological method was considered. The effectiveness of wastewater treatment with changing purification process conditions has been also assessed (concentration of sulfides, reactor type, pH of the medium). The conclusions on the basis of research and the optimal conditions of industrial wastewater treatment by anaerobic microbiological method was made

Last modified: 2015-11-26 23:02:42