Hipotermia dan Waktu Pemulihannya dalam Anestesi Gas Isofluran dengan Induksi Ketamin-Xylazin pada Anjing (HYPOTHERMIA AND ITS RECOVERY IN GAS ISOFLURANE ANESTHESIA WITH KETAMINE-XYLAZINE INDUCTION ON DOGS)Journal: JURNAL VETERINER (Vol.17, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2016-03-03
Authors : Gagak Donny Satria; Setyo Budhi; Dinni Nurdyanti;
Page : 1-6
Keywords : anaesthesia; isoflurane; ketamine; xylazine; temperature; recovery;
The most common effect occurred during anaesthesia is the decrease of body temperature. Technological development has enabled the used the latest innovations in order to to increase the efficacy and the safety of anaesthesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ketamine-xylazine injection on hypothermia and its recovery at dog which anesthetized with isoflurane. Ten healthy dogs were divided into two groups with each group consisted offive dogs. In Group A, dogs were given premedication (atropine sulfate 0.04 mg/kg) and then anaesthetized with isoflurane gas (4% for induction dose and 1% for the maintenance dose). In Group B dogs were given premedication atropine sulfate (0.04 mg/kg) and ketamine HCl induction solution (10 mg/kg) mixed with xylazine HCl (2 mg/kg), and anaesthetized with isoflurane gas (maintenance dose of 1%). Adaptation period was conducted in one week. Body temperature was measured before, during, and after the duration of anaesthesia. The data was analyzed statistically by a repeated Anova test. This study found that the mean body temperature of dogs in Group A decreased from 37,88±0,51 oC to 34,64±0,95 oC over a period of anaesthesia, and the recovery time was over 40 minutes post-anaesthesia. In Group B, body temperature decreased from 38.06±0.42 oC to 34.96±1.23 oC, and the recovery time was 90 minutes. In conclusion, the use of ketamine-xylazine in isoflurane anaesthesia procedures on dogs, would need post-anaesthesia preparation procedure regarding with hypothermia and its recovery.
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