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Journal: Academic Research International (Vol.7, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 107-119

Keywords : Hindu community; caste system; wangsa system; warna system;

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Social stratification of the Hindu community in Bali historically consists of wangsa, caste system, and warna system. Wangsa system was begun in the dynasty of king Sri Krishna Kepakisan from Majapahit. There was a possibility that the caste system was originated from India, enacted in Bali, but the implementation was softer in Bali. Warna system prevailing at the time of Bali Kuna kingdom, before the knights of Majapahit defeated the King of Bali. In the life of Hindu community, Sudra class was considered to occupy the lowest level. As a result of the lowest level, the sudra caste should be obedient to very harmful and discriminatory rules. The rules was imprinted on the books of Hindu Law, in the colonial era it was strengthened with peswara. Based on these regulations every violations committed by sudra class can be executed, exiled and killed his honor. At independence era, those punishment were removed and new regulations was published on the practice of catur warna system, in order to achieve equality.

Last modified: 2016-06-02 16:35:06