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Testing financial market efficiency


Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 351-372

Keywords : Classical Finance; Random Walk; Efficient Market Hypothesis;

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Since the birth of the financial literature until the 1970s, the efficient market hypothesis has been regarded as a central hypothesis. In the mid-1970s, there were theoretical and empirical evidence stating that the EMH seems untouchable. However, recently there has been an emergence of arguments doubting the EMH. The EMH implicitly indicates that stock prices can follow a random walk. Currently, financial theory has shown that stock prices do not follow a random walk.In this regard, our empirical study rejected the hypothesis of a random walk for 27 indices out of 28 studied. We confirm that the studied indices time series do not follow a random walk, and therefore we reject the financial markets efficiency hypothesis in its weak form. This result corroborates those of Fama and French (1992.993), DeBondt and Thaler (1985), Lo and MacKinlay (1991), Jagadeesh and Titman (1993) and Shleifer and Vishny (1997). Therefore, financial markets efficiency hypothesis in its weak form is also rejected. This result is logical given the limited capacity of the classical theory in explaining abnormal returns such as bubbles, crashes and excess volatility

Last modified: 2016-07-06 15:42:28