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Journal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.6, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 621-624

Keywords : species; monocotyledons; flora; mountain Sharr;

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In this scientific paper entitled "MONOCOTILEDON SPECIES (MONOCOTILEDONAE) in the Flora of Shara" is provided data on the 3 year scientific research (2013, 2014, and 2015). This scientific research is undertaken for the first time, in particular within the researchers conducted by international and local researchers about the flora of the Shar Mountain. This study will complement research of flora in the Shar Mountain. The study is focusing on more than 20 stations in the Shar Mountain. The collection of scientific material is carried out during the period of vegetation, by preparing herbarium associated with data for landfill, date, biotope, etc. During the study they found about 600 species of plant leaves, within which are collected 21 plant species belonging to the species with one embryonic leaf (monocotiledonae) [Table no. 2]. The Sharr Mountain lies in the southeast-west-southwest direction, and is located in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia. The Sharr Mountain represents the largest mountain massif in Macedonia and lies in the geographical coordinates: between 42o41'43 "and 42o16'34" geographical north latitude and between 20˚34'51 "and 21˚16'00". The Shar Mountain massif stands for a great variety of habitats, which represent the settlements for about 2,000 plant species, or 2/3 of higher vascular plants in Macedonia. -During this study it was accumulated a rich material, of about 600 copies. From the conducted floristic preliminary analysis it results that the flora of the Sharr Mountain is rich with numerous plant species. The set material consists of 70 families, 216 genuses and 600 plant species. -In The study area (Sharr Mountain) during this research were found 21 plant species belonging to the one core species (monocotiledonae), which comprise 3.3% of the total flora of Shar Mountain and are included in 8 families, 16 genus within 600 species found by us (table no. 2). Their spreading starts from the lower areas of the Shar Mountain ranging from 550 m. altitude up to 2500 m. of higher areas of Shar Mountain. Table no. 2 shows that species with one embryonic leaf (monocotiledonae) are belonging to 8 families, 16 genuses. From 21 plant species with one embryonic leaf (monocotiledone) in the Flora of Shar Mountain some are Mediterranean endemic Illyricum scardica plant species of the Sharr Mountain like: Crocus scardicus kosanini [photo no. 1], Lilium albanicum Griseb [photo no. 2], and Narthecium scardicum Kosanini.

Last modified: 2016-08-09 12:49:16