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Journal: Academic Bulletin "Economics and Region" (Vol.3, No. 46)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 52-56

Keywords : labour potential; transit potential of the region; competitiveness; labour resources; transport sphere;

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The successful work of transport in a region is one of basic pre-conditions of the industrial enterprТses’ efficient work, realization of passenger and freight transportations, including transit. In modern economic terms, a new approach to the use of human resources, the state labor potential at the regional, productive, individual levels, is needed. Realization of the regional transit potential efficient use strategy is impossible without creating the competitive labor potential. Even having sufficient potential of the transport infrastructure, it is not always possible to reach the set goals without the proper use of labor resources. For today, there is not enough attention paid to the development and use of transport industry labor potential. Development of transport-logistic infrastructure in a region foresees the creation of new working places, demand for skilled managers, specialists, able to execute a task at the level of the European requirements and standards. The purpose of the article is to define the constituents of the competitive labor potential forming process of a regТon’s transport industry. The subject of the research is constituents of competitive skilled potential. In the article, it is substantiated, that concerning the transit potential constituent, labor potential is an aggregate of quantitative and high-quality descriptions of the active population in the regТon’s economy, working in the transport sphere and able to be involved in it for providing transit transportations. In labor potential, as the constituent of transit potential, the demographic and skilled potentials are distinguished. Demographic potential is characterized by the working population of a region, which can be potentially involved in the process of transit transportations. The physical parameters of population recreation (birth-rate, death rate, mean time of life, sexual-age structure, state of health) and also migratory mobility, come forward as a main constituent of the demographic potential. Skilled potential is considered as an aggregate working population of a region possessing the relevant level of knowledge, education, professional skills for work in the transport sphere, and also it is divided into administrative potential and labor force potential. In the article it is shown that a concept "competitiveness of skilled potential" is expedient to be considered in two aspects: 1) as aggregates of high-quality and cost descriptions of skilled potential, which are in demand in a certain market segment, at a certain period of time and are competitive there; 2) as capabilities of a certain worker in the conditions of a certain market situation to answer the requirements of an employer, the criteria and requirements of the labor-market. In general, the constituents of skilled potential competitiveness are divided into three groups of descriptions: 1) psycho-physical; 2) professionally-qualificatory; 3) personal. Besides forming the competitive skilled potential, the program must take into account both the phase of labor potential recreation and the phase of distribution and redistribution of labor resources. In this respect, forming labor potential in the transport sphere is presented as a process, including five constituents and taking place under the influence of legislative, economic, administrative and social instruments. Thus, forming the competitive skilled potential, the increase of population employment level in transport industry and the regТon’s population welfare respectively, appear to become the basic tasks of the labor potential forming program in the transport industry. Indeed, the competitive skilled potential of a transport industry will provide realization of transport-logistic centers network creation project, interregional transport cluster, marked within the limits of the regional strategy for the regional transit potential efficient use.

Last modified: 2016-08-17 17:10:36