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Journal: Academic Bulletin "Economics and Region" (Vol.4, No. 47)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 17-22

Keywords : logistics; availability of technology; energy power; movement of agricultural equipment; organizational and economic mechanism of logistics;

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Logistical support serves the basis for efficient agricultural production and processing, since the provision of raw materials and equipment according to the needs of farms, controls the implementation of missions and general business strategy and contributes to competitive advantageous entity. Currently, most agricultural enterprises have significant problems with the implementation strategy of logistics according to production needs and trends of innovative development. The purpose of the present study is to identify trends and prospects in logistics of agricultural enterprises and justification of organizational-economic mechanism of increasing its level. For agricultural enterprises in the context of a logistics strategy is an issue of the most updated technical and technological base. For most businesses it appears a quite complicated process of acquiring modern technology due to lack of financial resources, as well as the available basic tools that are morally and physically obsolete. Over the past three years, the number of vehicles has been remaining almost unchanged. Thus, the number of tractors in all households of Ukraine makes 323111 units, which is 0,2 % more than in 2012 and 3.1% more than in 2011. In recent years, the number of farms has ranged from 56133 in 2011 to 55858 in 2013/ Thus, the average number of tractors in one company was 3 items. Combi car ? about two combine harvesters ? makes one item for two companies. Taking into consideration, that the agricultural land in business in 2013 was 20437,2 hectares, and the average farm size was 366 ha, it is worth noting that this number of vehicles is not enough to meet the needs of manufacturers. As for the structure of tractors in power, the most numerous in enterprises tractors have power from 40 to 60 kW ? 50746 items, or 34,8 %, mainly wheeled tractors - 132 714 items, or 90,9 % for the end of the year. Positively, it is worth noting the increase of generating capacity in agricultural enterprises and farms. The amount of generating capacity in the agricultural enterprises raised in 2013 to 43223. kW, which is 6863 thousand kW, or 18,9 % more than in 2011; generating capacity of farms increased by 447 kW, or 7,6 %. Energy capacity per one company in 2013 amounted to 1767 kW, which is 145 kW, or 8,9 % more than in 2011, including one farm having 479 kW of generating capacity, which is 33 kW, or 7,4 % higher than in 2011. The largest share in the structure of the energy capacity of enterprises belongs to engines tractors ? 12908 kW or 29,9 % in 2013 of the total number of tractors in the lead position is Poltava region ? 10391 items. Their presence is significant in Dnipropetrovsk ? 10258 items, Vinnytsia ? 10036 items, Odessa ? 9455 items, Kirovohrad ? 9045 items, Kharkov ? 8874 items and Kiev ? 8383 items per each area. The least in the technique supply aspect are in Transcarpathian, Chernivtsi and Ivano-Frankivsk regions - under 282, 457 and 1203 items. This distribution is explained by the level of agricultural development in the regions. For development of enterprises logistics at agro-industrial complexes the efficient organizational and economic mechanism is required. Its components should be the following: the development of national machinery; increase of the innovation level at the enterprises of agro-industrial complex; increase of the investment projects state support to update the material and technical basis of AIC; development of credit, leasing and rental relations; creation of agricultural service cooperatives to share equipment; farm service development of enterprises; improvement of technical processes at agricultural enterprises.

Last modified: 2016-08-17 17:35:53