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Journal: Ma'arif Research Journal (Vol.1, No. 1)

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Page : 54-68

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'Kaya Namdhari' movement marked the beginning of armed revolutionary movements in British India. The movement inspite of meaning to purge the religion came to be misunderstood as a political rather than a religious movement due to frequent clashes between the Kohas' and the government. It was a co-incidence that in 1907, the government of Punjab passed a bill allowing the public property to be used for settlements. This was followed by a fiery movement all over Punjab called 'Pagri-Sambhal O' Jatta (O, Peasant, guard your turban - meaning honor). Lord Minto vetoed the bill theory reducing the agitation of farmers. The revolutionary leaders, who had by then relocated to Europe and America, formed a revolutionary party. This plan to bring about a revolution on 22nd February, 1915 went awry. Maulana Mahmed Hasan and his followers believed that the solution to India's problems plus the imminent danger faced by the Khilafat could be resolved only through a foreign attack on India. Maulana sent his trusted student to convince the Afghan ruler and Turkey to invade India. This plan, however, met the same fate as its predecessors. Another revolutionary party called "Babbar Akali" believed harmed resistance to be the right way to bring about a revolution. They went on to slaughter numerous government agents and officer. During the decade of 1930, before the formation of the socialist Republican Party, the revolutionary movement only had patriotism as its basis instead of a clear ideology. They believed in acts of individual terrorism to be acceptable. In order to curb the growing influence of communism, the government put forwarded bills in the central assembly. As a protest against these bills. Bhagat Singh and BK Dutt bombed the Assembly Hall. It was soon followed by the captain and killings of these revolutionary leaders. Special tribunal sentenced Bhagat Singh and his companions to death on 7th October, 1930. This weakened the revolutionary movement; however, it went on to add their struggle as a memorable chapter in the history of this nation's struggle for independence.

Last modified: 2016-09-02 14:59:38