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Journal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2016, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 21-28

Keywords : ceramic brick; loam; refuse heap; overburden; red mud; technogenic raw materials; firing temperature; strength;

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One way to conserve the scarce high-quality raw materials resources and to reduce transport and energy costs is to use the accumulated technogenic mineral systems, as well as to study technogenic raw materials which were not previously used [1-3]. A shortage of high plasticity clays determines the need for using local low-grade loamy raw materials for the manufacture of wall ceramics. Strength properties of the ceramic brick can be improved by using expensive corrective additives or local technogenic raw materials [4-7]. Purpose. Development of compositions for the ceramic brick, modified with technogenic mineral systems. Conclusion. The author has studied the influence of the mixture ratio on the structure and fundamental physical and mechanical properties of the ceramic brick modified with technogenic mineral systems. The author has also developed the best ceramic batch compositions based on technogenic mineral systems conferring the required physical and mechanical parameters of the ceramic brick; they consist of: overburden (67%), refuse heap (28%) and red mud from NGZ (Mykolaiv Alumina Refinery) (5%) for making 150 Grade ceramic brick with an average density of 1,650-1,730 kg/m3 at a temperature of 850°C, which allows to reduce firing energy costs. It has been established that the sintering initiation temperature of the modified mixture decreases by 150-200°C compared to the unmodified one.

Last modified: 2016-10-25 16:37:01