Development of Flute Works in Turkey from Turkish Republic to PresentJournal: Journal of Education and Future (JEF) (Vol.2012, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2012-01-24
Authors : Ajda Şenol Erol Demirbatır;
Page : 173-185
Keywords : Flute; Turkish flute repertoire; Turkish composers; pieces analyzing.;
Problem Statement: This study will giand briefly historical information of the development of Turkish flute repertoire from the Turkish Republic to the present Turkish flute works and their musical development and styles will be examined. Purpose of the Study: The purpose of the study is to mirroring the historical development process of Turkish flute repertoire from the beginning of Turkish Republic to present by analyzing important Turkish flute works. Method: Methods of this study are literature review, interview with composers and works analysis. Findings and Results: In Turkish Republic the first Turkish flute works was composed by talented young composers who were sent cultural centers of Europe for education and after they turn back to Turkey. Solo flute, flute-piano, flute and orchestral works were composed since Turkish Republic were found, also contemporary composers composed works for different groups like for flute-guitar-vibraphone-conga, pieces with accompaniment of electronic music. Necil Kazım Akses’s Sonata for Flute and Piano, composed in 1933, is composed of three interconnected sections. It has a modal effect rather than being tonal. Sayram Akdil’s one of the most performed flute chamber music piece Music for 3 Flutes and Piano was composed in 1981. Long flute sounds that enter in regular turns give the movement an unmetered folk song effect. The Mouldy Existence, composed in 1992 by Meliha Doğuduyal, starts with a long flute solo in an improvised manner. There is no measurement in the atonal part. Deformed Reflections was composed by Mesruh Savaş and he, thus, hopes to have shown the audience the modern unusual skills of the flute and where music stands today. Conclusions and Recommendations: According to the study results it was seen that at the beginning of Turkish flute repertoire composers aimed to place polyphonic music in Turkey and then different style flute music was composed. As an example contemporary composers used modern techniques and included electronic sounds.
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