Post renal transplant infections: One year follow up studyJournal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.3, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2016-10-15
Authors : S. Sujit; M. Bathragiri; K. Chandra;
Page : 228-234
Keywords : Renal transplantation; Post transplant infection; Immunosuppression.;
Introduction: Transplantation returns the majority of patients to an improved life-style and an improved life expectancy, as compared to patients on dialysis; however, careful prospective cohorts studies have yet to be reported. Infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients, with more than 80% suffering at least one episode of infection in the first year. The risk for infection is strongly determined by an interaction between epidemiologic exposures and net state of immunosuppression. Aim and objectives: To study the prevalence of infections in the post renal transplant recipients, to find out the most common cause of infections in post renal transplant patients, to find out the frequency of infections in early and late phase of renal transplantation. Materials and methods: Patients who reached end stage renal disease and who underwent Renal Transplantation in our hospital was prospectively followed up for infections for a period of 1 year. Results: A total of 77 transplant recipients were included in our study. Out of which, 50 recipients (69.44%) had infections during follow up. 32 recipients (64 %) had infections involving more than one system. The infectious were common within the first 6 months of surgery and most of them occurred within the first month of surgery. Conclusions: Urinary Tract infection was the most common confection occurring in the post renal transplant recipients.
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