Nikolay Globa’s school and White émigré art educationJournal: Scientific and Analytical Journal "Burganov House. Space of culture" (Vol.29, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2014-12-01
Authors : Tatiana L. Astrakhantseva;
Page : 147-152
Keywords : Imperial Stroganov School; Nikolay Globa; art education; artists of the applied arts;
The article dwells on the extraordinary personality, outstanding figure of Russian culture of the late XIXth — early decades of the XXth century Nikolay Globa. The “first wave” of the Russian emigration, experiencing their duty to the younger generation cut off from their motherland, tried to keep the Russian system of education in foreign countries, to preserve the environment as antidote to assimilation. In every center of the Russian Diaspora (Constantinople, Belgrade, Prague, Berlin, Paris, USA, Latin America, Shanghai) appeared high and secondary educational institutions, various art schools, which aims to bring the younger generation of immigrants. Russian emigrants had a conscious and reasonable motivation to open artistic institutions — schools, studios, institutes, icon painting and teaching craft workshops — and had a need for artist-teachers. Apprenticeships connected to Russian culture were a priority for immigrants. Artistic skills often became their only way to survive in a foreign land. Russian emigration, as the Soviet government, was interested to have artistacademics in its ranks. The Soviet government did everything to return from exile famous artists who have experience of teaching. It is no accident since the return of Bilibin and Shuhaeva to the Soviet Union they were offered professorships at the Soviet Academy of Fine Arts. S. Noakovski, N. Zagrekov, Yakovlev, V. Shuhaev, B. Grigoriev, impressionists like Korovin, members of the “World of Art” movement (K. Somov, I. Bilibin, M. Dobuzhinsky, N. Milioti), modernists focused on formal experiment (S . Delaunay, A. Exter, N. Goncharova) and pure applied art researchers (N. Globa). Once the most famous director of Imperial Stroganov School, Globa went on creating in exile in Paris — Russian Industrial Art Institute was his main work, which gave an opportunity for many Russian students to find themselves abroad and become artists.
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