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Exploration and Identification of Spermatophyta Plants Division that are potentially can be used for Medicine at Evergreen Forest taman Nasional Baluran Indonesia

Journal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.2, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 2303-2308

Keywords : identification; Medicinal plants; Spermatophyta Divison; Evergreen Forest.;

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Indonesia is a country that has so many various floras. Nowadays Indonesia has more than 300.000 kinds of floras. More than 8000 kinds of plant belongto medicinal plants.WHO (World Health Organization) has stated about 80% of the population is still dependent on medicinal plants. Based on theAgriculture Ministry of Indonesia, the potential of medicine sales from 2010 to 2015 continues to increase. This is caused by the demand for medicine in 2010 reached 10 trillion rupiah. In 2015 is estimated to reach 20 trillion. Based on the Ministry of Agriculture (2007), traditional medicinal plants are not worth as much as the value of medicinal drugs, but the high value in demand for traditional medicine increases the value of traditional medicine sales from 2 trillion rupiah in 2003 to 7.2 trillion rupiah.The high number of needs is not equalwith the production capacity of medicinal plants. This is showedif Indonesia still importing medicinal materials with considerable value whereas in Indonesia hasso many medicinal materials especially from tropical forests of Indonesia.The absence of utilization of Indonesia's tropical forests is one of the factorsto do the research entitledExplorationand Identification of Spermatophyte Plants DivisionThat Are Potentially Can Be Usefor Medicineat Evergreen Forest Taman NasionalBaluran Indonesia. This Research conducted by using transect line method along the 100 meters enter the forest from the edge of the forest. The results from the exploration are found 22 types of medicinal plants which are included in 12 families and all of the medicinal plants can be use formedicine. The parts of the plants that can be utilized as a medicine are roots, leaves, flowers and even bark. From the parts of the medicinal plant leafs are the most potential parts for medicine. There are some various ways in utilizing medicinal plants starting with boiled, chewed, crushed and even mixed with other ingredients.

Last modified: 2017-09-13 23:34:32