Studying the Effect of Knowledge Spillover on Innovative Performance of Knowledge Base Companies in the Extent of Electric GeneratorsJournal: International Research Journal of Advanced Engineering and Science (IRJAES) (Vol.2, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2017-11-20
Authors : Mohamad Mahmoudi Maymand Abolghasem Shabani;
Page : 155-161
Keywords : ;
The word knowledge spillover has been used in scientific resources to explain the increase in innovation rate in technical clusters. And it means to exchange ideas among people. The focus of knowledge base companies in one geographical zone leads to make internal relations in knowledge base companies in an especial and professional field; and due to global competition and risk space development, by specializing one zone, the governments have contributed to facilitate learning conditions, publish and transfer knowledge flows which play a significant role in social, economical and technical dimensions of each area. To promote their innovative activities, the knowledge base companies also invest in learning activities. This learning may take place in internal or external way. The knowledge flow among the main actors is one of the external learning factors. This article is going to analyze the relation between the knowledge spillover spillover mechanisms as independent variable and innovative performance of knowledge base companies as dependent variable. The data collection tool in this research is questioner that gathered the intended data from managers and senior experts of 71 companies placed in Tehran Science and Technology Park. The research methodology was a description of the type of correlation. To answer the questions and analyze the research hypothesis using the Smart-PLS software, we used the structural equation analysis method and analyzed the path using minor partial squares (PLS). The results show that the knowledge spillover by creating productive companies, knowledge spillover by displacement of labor force and knowledge spillover by informal interactions have a positive and significant effect on innovative performance. The results also showed that knowledge spillover have the greatest impact on innovative performance of the company by creating productive companies.
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