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Evaluation of the Biocontrol Potential of Morina persica L. Extract against Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kühn) Filipjev and Some Plant Pathogenic Fungi

Journal: COMU Journal of Agriculture Faculty (Vol.5, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 63-68

Keywords : Morina persica; Alternaria solani; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici; Verticillium dahliae; Ditylenchus dipsaci; Plant extract;

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In this study, antifungal and nematicidal effects of methanol extracts of Morina persica L. were determined. In antifungal activities, plant extract was evaluated against Alternaria solani (Ell. & Mart.), Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL) (Sacc.) W.C. Snyder & H. N. Hans and Verticillium dahliae Kleb. The experiment was carried out by the agar plate methods at a concentration of 0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg mL. All concentration of M. persica plant extracts was showed a different level of antifungal activities against all the three test fungi depend on concentrations. Nematicidal activity was evaluated against stem nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kühn) Filipjev under in vitro condition. Five different concentrations (31.25, 62.5, 125, 250 and 500 ppm) of M. persica plant extracts were tested. The nematodes exposed to 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours in plant extracts and kept at 25 °C. M. persica plant extracts were found highly effective on D. dipsaci. The plant extracts of Morina persica L. was the first time determined the antifungal and nematicidal activities in this study, and has potential effect as a biopesticide against plant pathogens and plant parasitic nematodes.

Last modified: 2018-01-28 04:57:20