INVESTIGATIONS ON THE PREVALENCE OF PATELLAR LUXATION IN DOGSJournal: TRADITION AND MODERNITY IN VETERINARY MEDICINE (Vol.1, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2016-09-01
Authors : Radka Garnoeva Mihail Paskalev Nikolay Bengyuzov;
Page : 53-59
Keywords : dogs; patellar luxation.;
The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of patellar luxation in dogs using the patientrecords of the Small Animal Clinic at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine – Stara Zagora and Avicena VeterinaryClinic – Sofia.From the studied cohort, the Pinscher, Pomeranian, and Spitz breeds were the most frequently affected.The disease was the most rarely encountered in Bologneses. Female dogs were more commonly affected. Incases of unilateral patellar luxation, it was significantly more common in the left than in the right hindlimb.More than half of studied dogs (56 %) weighed between 2 and 5 kg, and 23 % were within the range 5–15 kg.In 91 % of dogs from studied breeds, medial patellar luxation was observed. The occurrence of the differentpatellar luxation grades was as followed: grade 1: 21 %, grade 2: 43 %; grade 3: 30 % and grade 4: 6 %.
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