GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN AND IT’S IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITYJournal: Innovative Economics and Management (Vol.II, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2016-09-30
It is theoretically proved and empirically confirmed that among the main segments of the livestock products plays an important role in the fish production with all infrastructure. On a global scale aquaculture is a young industry of agrarian sector of economy. The volume of aquaculture production over the last 50 years grew to 55.1 million tons in 2009 and 58.3 million tons in 2010, and to 66.6 million tonnes in 2012. Studies have shown that if current rates of development, it is projected that by 2030, half of the produced fish and other aquatic biological resources will be of artificial origin. Proved the mechanism of realization of state policy in the sphere of fisheries and fish industry, protection, use and reproduction of water living resources, fisheries management, safe navigation of vessels fleet fisheries. Proven that government regulation of fisheries, formed on similar principles of the current legislation of Ukraine, and in other branches of agriculture. However, the paper notes that the fisheries sector has its own technologi - cal features that determine the specificity and production and organizational structure of the industry, represented by companies specializing in the production, cultivation, processing of fish. The work proves that the calculations, over the past 10 years indicate a significant budgetary allocations aimed at financing the spawning-nursery fisheries, hatchery, nursery, plant-eating fish hatcheries ordinary fish, sturgeon and trout plants. They have a tendency to a gradual increase from 33.9 million USD (including costs of fisheries regulation) to 116,4 million USD per year. Also noted that the current system of budget financing of fisheries is being substantially improved. Earlier, the public expenditure was carried out on one item of expenditure on the reproduction and protec - tion of water live resources and fishery regulation. Today there are separate articles for the organization of activities of bodies of fish protection and reproduction. Justified to achieve the increase of competitiveness of aquaculture production, it is necessary to create condi - tions for the effective operation of the Law of Ukraine “On fishery, industrial fishing and protection of aquatic bio - resources”. Undoubtedly also to fulfill the tasks set in the current and developed with the help of the author of “State target economic program of fishery development for 2012-2016”. This will enable to accelerate the process of raising effective ownership in the enterprise sector and to create necessary mechanisms for internal and external investors. Systematic suggestions for improving the methodological tools of regulation of economic activities in fisheries. In pespective necessary to Refine the technique of counting fish at all stages of development to determine aggregate supply and the method of determining the fair value of material for breeding of aquaculture and commercial fish given the prices of the active market. Asked to summarize methodological approaches to the formation of a competitive system of regulation of the agricultural sector at the level of international standards and to substantiate scientifically balanced distribution of func - tions, powers and responsibilities between the regulatory bodies in the field of fisheries to achieve consistency and effectiveness of economic processes.
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