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Journal: Applied Engineering Letters (Vol.3, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 27-33

Keywords : hydropower plant; water hammer control; surge tank; regulating valve; numerical analysis; field tests;

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Hydropower plants play an important role in the growth of the renewable energy sector. The main objective of the paper is to present, discuss and assess critical parameters which may cause unacceptable water hammer loads in hydropower plants. Water hammer is caused by flow disturbances in a conduit from one steady state to another. It induces pressure rise or drop in hydraulic systems, rotational speed variation in hydraulic turbomachinery and level fluctuation in surge tanks and air chambers. Design principles of water hammer control strategies (mitigation of excessive loads) are outlined including operational scenarios (closing and opening laws),surge control devices (flywheel, surge tank, regulating valve, air valve, etc.) or redesign of the pipeline components. Water hammer models and solutions are briefly discussed in the light of their capability. Case studies include hydropower plants with long fluid conveying systems (open channels, tunnels) and water hammer control devices (surge tank, regulating valve).

Last modified: 2018-05-03 04:30:01