DEVELOPMENT OF PHILANTHROPY SCALEJournal: Nauka i osvita / Science and Education (Vol.CLXV, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2018-01-25
Authors : Mesut Öztürk Ercümend Ersanli;
Page : 22-33
Keywords : attitude; altruism; unconditional acceptance; philanthropy; disinterestedness;
Philanthropy is willingness to help someone without expecting to get a benefit. The purpose of this research is to develop a reliable, valid scale that measures the level of philanthropy. A draft form created by researching the litera-ture and composition of participants was applied to 356 people studying at Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Education (241 female students and 115 male students). As a result of Exploratory Factor Analysis and reliability studies, the scale reached 25 items with 3 factors. These items explain the variance at 42.286%. In order to increase evidence of validity first-order Confirmatory Factor Analysis was applied to the 3-factor model obtained. For this analysis, 310 people studying Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Education have been researched. As a result of the analysis, it has been found that the scale shows good compliance and the model is verified as a result of this re-search. Reliability analysis was performed on data set of 310 participants (203 female 107 male students). Cronbach Alfa internal consistency coefficient values were found at 0.759 in total score, 0.749 in sub-dimension of “disinterest-edness and sincerity”, 0.702 in sub-dimension of “love and unconditional acceptance” and 0.700 in sub-dimension of “honesty”. Reliability level was found at a high level. As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, the fit indexes of the scale were found to be perfect (p=.000 and X2/sd= 1.725). RMSEA, GFI, AGFI, CFI, NNFI and IFI values were 0.048, 0.89, 0.87, 0.093, 0.93 and 0.93 respectively. These show a good level of compliance. Consequently, all these results show that the developed scale is valid and reliable.
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