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Risk of Imminent Transformation of Diabetes Mellitus Postpartum in Women who covered with Gestational Diabetes: Physiology and Perspectives of Treatment| Biomed Grid

Journal: American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research (Vol.3, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 468-471

Keywords : Biomedical Science and Research Journals; scientific research articles on biomedical; biomedical research articles; biomedical journal articles; Biomed Grid;

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In the last 30 years the incidence of obesity has increased alarmingly and almost on a par with the Metabolic Syndrome, which evolves into Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) [1]. In 2012, the International Diabetes Federation (IFD) estimated that more than 371 million people lived with this disease and that 4.8 million people die because of its worldwide [2]. The frequency of DM2 in Mexico, from 1998 to 2012, has seen a trend towards an increase of 4.7%, from a morbidity rate of 342.1 to 358.2 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, specifically in 2012, 418,797 patients were reported. diagnosed with diabetes (which represents 0.4% of the Mexican population), 59% of the cases were female, being the age group of 50-59 years of age the most affected, with a morbidity rate of 1,237.90 cases per 100,000 inhabitants [2-6]. The prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) varies according to the geographical area and is closely linked to the human ethnic type [3]. It is reported that in regions such as the United States, it is more frequent among the Latino, Hispanic, and Native American population., African American and Asian. The prevalence is around 5% of the general population in regions such as Pakistan, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, South Korea, South Africa, and United Kingdom and is around 10% of the general population for Italy, Turkey, Brazil, USA, and Australia. The prevalence is very high in regions such as Bermuda and Nepal with 20%. In a recent report of the International Diabetes Federation estimates that 16% of births around the world in 2013 had complications due to Gestational Diabetes [3,4]. With the consensus of the new criteria for DG issued by both the American Association of Diabetes (ADA) as the European Society for the Study of Diabetes Mellitus the prevalence of the global DG will be around 18% by 2015 [1,3].

Last modified: 2019-07-12 15:09:46