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Journal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.9, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 529-536

Keywords : soil biological activity; humus; fertilization; soil fertility; fertilizers;

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The application of organic fertilizers (60 t/ha of dung) to gray forest soils increases the proportion of deeply humified humus substances within a humus, so the soils become more cultured. The organic-mineral fertilizer system (12 t of dung and 220 kg of NPK – nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium – per 1 ha of crop rotation area) and the organic fertilizer system (24 t/ha of dung) result in humus wide reproduction at the level of 1,32% and 1,35% comparing to the initial level (1,20%). The regular input of fresh organic fertilizers into soil caused the 1,5-times increase of intensity of biological processes (according to СО2 release) if compared to the soil without such an input. The intensity of CO2 release rose by 56% while applying organic-mineral fertilizers, by 28% with organic fertilizers, and by 14% with mineral fertilizers if compared to the control soil without applying fertilizers (118 mg of carbon-dioxide per 1 sq.m./h). The input of organic fertilizers in soil changed the concentration of microorganisms which decompose cellulose, and they prove to be rather good indicators of changes of soil agronomical properties. The cellulose-decomposing activity of soil nourished only with mineral fertilizers was 38,9%, that is a medium intensity. The cellulose-decomposing activity of soil amended only with fresh organic fertilizers rose to 80% that corresponded to a strong intensity. Fertilizing with both organic and mineral material stimulated the process of cellulose decomposing up to 82,4%. The intensity of a nitrification process reflects a potential soil biological activity. According to the research, the low nitrification intensity was observed in soil without fertilization (12,8 mg/kg), while the nitrification intensity rose to 14,0 mg/kg after mineral fertilization and to 17,4 mg/kg after organic fertilization. We revealed that the nitrification ability of soil tended to increase up to 21,9 mg/kg following the combined application of organic and mineral fertilizers, consequently coordinating with cellulose-decomposing activity changes of soil microbial cenosis under field conditions.

Last modified: 2019-08-19 22:06:40