DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION SKILLS AMONG CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE BY PLAY ACTIVITIESJournal: The Way of Science (Vol.1, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2014-08-30
Authors : Lavrukhina I.V.;
Page : 106-108
Keywords : communication; game; communicative games.;
This article is devoted to the problem of communicative skills formation among children of preschool age. Communicativeness formation is the important condition of normal psychological development of the child, and also the one of the main challenges of preparation him to the further life. The problem of social inclusion was always one of the leading in the process of formation of a child's personality. Nowadays this problem remains relevant. The main purpose is to help children enter into the dynamic, difficult, modern world characterized by the set of the negative phenomena. The adults who understand children and know the child's world can make full his development and provide favorable living conditions in children's community. For social development of children, undoubtedly, it is necessary to use the game. First of all, the game is leading activity for the preschool child. Secondly, it is the collective activity assuming need to communicate with contemporaries or adults. Communicative game is the joint activity of children, the way of self-expression, mutual cooperation where partners has the equal positions and try to understand features and interests of each other. As the purposes of communicative games are stand out: development of the dynamic party of communication, i.e. ease of the introduction in contact, initiative, readiness for communication; development of empathy, sympathy for the partner, emotionality and expressiveness of nonverbal means of communication; development of positive feeling that is connected with the condition of self-disclosure, self-confidence, feeling of own emotional wellbeing, the importance in the children's collective, the created positive self-assessment. Children's experience of pleasure with contemporaries turns further into cheerfulness, the optimistic relation to life, ability to get along with people, successfully to solve vital problems, to achieve goals; all this makes value of communicative games. On the contrary, absence or the underdevelopment of communicative skills plays the disruptive role, leads to the delay of the child's general mental development and to formation of the negative life stance in the further.
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Last modified: 2014-08-15 20:45:38