Infographic Products in the Context of the Problem of Propaganda and Manipulation in Media SpaceJournal: Naukovì pracì Nacìonalʹnoï bìblìoteki Ukraïni ìmenì V.Ì. Vernadsʹkogo (Vol.55, No. 55)
Publication Date: 2019-12-03
Authors : Berehelskyi Andrii;
Page : 317-334
Keywords : propaganda manipulation self-censorship infographics statistics data visualization media space.;
The specifics of presentation of infographic products in the context of the problem of manipulation and propaganda are considered. The problem of propaganda and manipulation in the modern information space is investigated, the signs and examples of technologies are given. The main directions of manipulation are considered, the use of images and numbers in such materials. The effectiveness of infographics as a means of demonstrating statistics has been investigated some defects in statistics and features of implementation and perception of graphic objects. On the basis of the conducted study, the reasons for the appearance of manipulative materials have been identified. The basic levels of manipulation, in the statistics realized by means of infographics, are considered. The dependence of the effectiveness of influence on the audience on the level of complexity of manipulative techniques is investigated. The theses in relation to the culture of critical thinking of citizens on current political and other events have been formed. Phenomena of information comfort zones, clip and serial thinking, authority of figures and data visualization are investigated. The role of censorship and self-censorship in the formation of media space, new trends and technologies (the effect of algorithms, search filters) are considered. The main dangers from the use of such techniques in the media are identified, as well as the difficulties in dealing with the consequences of such influence. The process of information distortion in infographic products at different stages has been studied. It has been proven that infographics can be a powerful means of manipulation, and the only way to avoid this is to form the media and information literacy of the reader, that is, a certain system of knowledge and skills necessary to objectively assess information in texts and graphics.
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