Examines the role of urban tourism development on sustainable urban development (Case study: Sanandaj)Journal: Journal of Urban Tourism (Vol.2, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2015-08-15
Authors : حسین حاتمینژاد; امیر شریفی;
Page : 61-74
Keywords : توسعة پایدار شهری; شهر سنندج; گردشگری; گردشگری شهری;
Introduction One of the most important tourist settlement destinations are cities. Urban tourism is a form of tourism that Citizens and foreign tourists interested in spending their leisure time in the cities. Basically urban Tourism based on attractions that available at cities (museums, monuments, stadiums, etc.), events and incentive tourism such as visiting friends and relatives, presence in exhibitions and conferences, visits cultural heritage, business purposes, religious and pilgrimage, cosmetic and medical, sports and more. Once you can we call sustainable development of urban tourism That Was not destructive and will provide for future the possibility of Preservation of natural and human resources and have some benefits to local communities. Sustainable tourism is a tourism that can continue in an environment and unlimited time and in terms of humanities and physically does not harm to the environment and to the extent activated that does not harm to develop of activities and social processes and on the other hand, can be able to create opportunities for employment and income for local residents and for infrastructure development and provide sustainable and integrated urban development. Province of Kurdistan including the provinces that after the revolution, especially in decades of the sixty and seventy, according to geographical factors and regional security was not good enough in the eyes of tourists to travel and visiting. But in recent decades, despite the persistence of serious obstacles, especially mental obstacle of lack of security, we are witnessing the emergence of domestic travelers, and some are external to the region. Although the difficult obstacles and lack of facilities to the extent that makes it difficult for tourists. However, increasing the amount and variety of tourist trips can be a significant issue to begin the development of the province provokes motivation trip towards this province because of distinctiveness of this province linguistically, Religious and climatic. The beautiful city of Sanandaj as one of the premier cultural centers in the country in addition to having extremely rich in historical and cultural contexts, had very attractive tourist destinations in the natural the field. Besides these attractions can be pointed to the connection factor of Sanandaj that is located on the western border trade route to the interior that per year a large number of residents for shopping cheap foreign goods pass from Sanandaj that it also is not fruitless. This research seek the effect of urban tourism development on sustainable urban development variables according to residents of Sanandaj and also from the perspective of 22 teachers, administrators and activists in the field of tourism In the city of Sanandaj. So that Strengthen the existing strong functions and poor performance also be upgraded. This study is aims to examine the positive effects of urban tourism on 4 variables of urban Sustainable development (Social stability, physical stability, environmental sustainability and economic sustainability) from the perspective of the 384 residents of Sanandaj (Based on Cochran's formula) and 22 of masters, managers and activists in the field of tourism in the city of Sanandaj.This research based on the performed method; is descriptive analytic method. The both library information and questionnaire information was used to perform of the analysis. The method of questionnaires distributing of citizens were simple randomized distribution style and the snowball method was used for distribution questionnaire of experts. This questionnaire was prepared based on the five-item Likert method.In this study, sustainable urban influence was obtained from four perspectives and from opinions of experts and citizens.Based on the results of research it can be said that urban tourism in city of sanandaj has the greatest impact on economic variables.However, urban Tourism of Sanandaj city have been a minimal positive impact on the environment variables even in the item of prevent soil erosion average item Statues was very low. Accordingly city managers in city of Sanandaj must turn toward efficient management of consequential effects of tourism. Because tourism in the city of Sanandaj as it was revealed by present study, associated with different influences with different intensity and power on the city and its sustainability. One of the detrimental effects of tourism in the field of social sustainability is this issue that there are possibility for fade aboriginal cultural factors in because of login countless tourists. The issue will have negative effects in the longer term on sustainability of tourism in the city of Sanandaj. Another issue that as cultural discussion can be debatable is Environmental issue and environmental sustainability of Sanandaj city. City of Sanandaj according to beautiful landscape which has due to the topography and climate can be have negative interact because of non-organized tourism. In general it can be result from the topic that because of lately process of tourism development in city of Sanandaj, citizens and experts attention more to the positive aspects. Whereas this approach it is proposed only for short-period and in future citizens and experts will reach to a more realistic view about urban tourism in the city. Though because city of Sanandaj strongly needs to revenues from tourism it will may be amount delayed this achieve to fact.
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