KARYOMORPHOLOGICAL AND STOMATAL STUDIES IN TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA(WILLD.)Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.8, No. 02)
Publication Date: 2020-02-18
Authors : Sarita Lohra; Kamini Kumar;
Page : 988-993
Keywords : Tinospora Cordifolia Anomocytic Stomatal Index Satellite Gradient Index;
Among the vast library of important medicinal plants, Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) is a deciduous climbing shrub which belongs to the family Menispermceae . It has hypoglycemic, antipyretic anti-allergic, Antineoplastic, anti-inflammatory, anti- oxidant and immuno - modulatory properties. The karyotype analysis and stomatal studies form an important tool for understanding the Phylogenetic relationship, in taxonomic identification and to improve breeding program. keeping these views in mind, the present investigation was under taken to disentangle the stomatal index and karyomorphological data. The Stomatal character and detailed Karyotype analysis of the plant Tinospora cordifolia(Willd.) were performed. The leaf had Anomocytic type of stomata. Stomatal index were higher at the apex portion of leaf.Tinospora cordifolia(Willd.) under investigation was diploid with 2n =26. Normal mitotic division were observed in all the examined cells with one pair of chromosome bearing satellite. The chromosomes were measuring 2.42?0.18 to 6.82?0.02. Gradient index is more than 30.
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