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Hydroponic— The Future of Farming

Journal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.5, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 857-864

Keywords : Advantages; Drip system; DWC (Deep Water Culture); Ebb and Flow System; Grow Tray; History; Hydroponic farming; NFT (Nutrient Film Technique); Reservoir; RO (Reverse Osmosis); Wick System.;

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Hydroponics is the modern solution for modern problems. Due to extensive traditional agriculture and various man made activities like deforestation. Fertile and arable land is decreasing day by day. While transporting the food we eat, so much of fossil fuels goes into transportation. The volume of water which is used in conventional farming is shocking. For the irrigation in these conventional farming, large volume of water is needed and water is one of the most crucial resource to be saved. Loads of chemical fertilizers and pesticides that are used in conventional farming flows into the water bodies and make them polluted. To tackle these problems hydroponics can be used as the effective method. In hydroponics plants are grown in a room without the use of any soil. Plants do not require soil for their growth all they need is water and various micro and macro nutrients that are present in soil. In hydroponics water and these nutrients are provided to the plants directly. With the effect of which plants do not have to spend their energy in the expansion of their root system for the search of water and minerals. The use this energy for the production of better food products. Hydroponics have numerous advantages over soil base farming. In this paper all the advantages, history, types and basic components of hydroponics has been explained.

Last modified: 2020-07-10 17:00:24