Evaluation of endothelial function, of elasticity of vessel wall and their influence on one-year prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction with obstructive and non-obstructive coronary arteriesJournal: I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald (Vol.28, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-12-30
Authors : Fomina O. Yakushin S.S.;
Page : 488-496
Keywords : myocardial infarction; MIOCA; MINOCA; endothelial function; elasticity of vessel wall; prognosis;
Aim. To carry out comparative analysis of the state of the endothelial function (EF), elasticity of the vessel wall and their influence on one-year prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) with obstructive and non-obstructive coronary arteries (CA). Materials and Methods. In the first stage, 206 patients were selected diagnosed with MI, of them 103 patients with MI with non-obstructive CA (MINOCA) according to the results of coronaroangiography, and 103 patients with MI with obstructive CA (MIOCA). Using the method of random numbers, 59 patients were selected (34 patients of the first group and 25 of the second group), in whom EF and elastic properties of the arterial wall were evaluated. Patients of both groups were initially comparable in age, gender, clinical and anamneustic characteristics, and also in frequency of application of the main groups of medical drugs that influence prognosis. One-year prognosis of the two groups of patients was studied depending on the presence/absence of functional and morphological alterations of the vessel wall. Results. In evaluation of EF in patients MINOCA, the occlusion index by amplitude (OIA) below threshold values was recorded in 22 of 34 (64.7%) cases of MINOCA and in 22 of 25 (88.0%, р<0.05) cases of MIOCA. Here, the average values of OIA were 1.7 (1.5; 2.3) and 1.4 (1.2; 1.8), respectively (р<0.05). The values of phase shifts between the channels below the norm were equally frequent in two groups (88.2 and 88.0%, р>0.05), and comparison of the average values of this parameter did not show any statistically significant difference. The calculated augmentation index normalized to the pulse rate 75 beats per minute (AIp75), in the study groups was 12.5 (9.9; 17.9) and 18.8 (12.9; 20.8), respectively (р>0.05). Reduction of the elasticity of the vessel wall in the group with MINOCA was noted in 82.4% of patients, in the group MIOCA – in 100% of cases (р<0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in the frequency of cardiovascular events between the groups during a year (р>0.05). Conclusion. Functional alterations of the vessel wall (endothelial dysfunction and reduction of elasticity of the vessel wall) in patients with MINOCA were recorded almost in 2/3 of cases, however, their incidence in MIOCA was still higher (88.0%). The one-year prognosis in the study groups MINOCA and MIOCA showed no differences.
Other Latest Articles
Last modified: 2021-01-26 21:06:22