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Influence of retrobulbar tissue acetaldehyde on changes in morphofunctional state of retina, choroid and optic nerve in experimental chronic alcohol intoxication

Journal: Oftalmologicheskii zhurnal (Vol.2014, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 98-102

Keywords : optic nerve; choroid; retina; retrobulbar tissue; acetaldehyde; chronic alcohol intoxication.;

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Introduction: Acetaldehyde (AA) is a main mediator of neurotoxicity among meth-abolites of ethanol (E). Purpose. To study the correlation between concentration of E and AA in retrobul¬bar tissue (RBT), vitreous humor, blood and morphometric and cytophotometric data of optic nerve, choroid and retina ganglion cells layer in experimental chronic alcohol intoxication. Material and methods. Experimental investigation was performed in 24 male Chinchilla rabbits including 6 rabbits of the control group. Results. Negative correlation (p<0,05) was established between acetaldehyde (AA) in retrobulbar tissue (RBT) and choroid thickness (Spearman coefficient p= -0,84), thickness of ganglion cells layer of retina (p = -0,80) and diameter of its nuclei (p= ? 0,64), diameter of optic nerve fibres (in intrabulbary part p= -0,70, in retrobulbarypartp= -0,76, in intracanalicularpartp= -0,85, in intracranial part p = -0,78). Positive correlation (p<0,05) was observed between AA in RBT and optic density of cytoplasm RNA of choriocapillaries endotheliocytes (p=0,57). Conclusions. Treatment with polyoxidonium intravenously and by endonasal elec-trophoresis after alcohol deprivation contributes to elimination of AA from RBT, which results in improvement of morphofunctional state of optic nerve, choroid and retina.

Last modified: 2015-01-21 19:30:49