Primary school of Transcarpathia in the context of education law of the Soviet period (50-90 years)Journal: Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Pedagogy and Psychology” (Vol.2, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2017-11-17
Authors : OKTAVIIA Y. FIZESHI;
Page : 62-65
Keywords : primary school; educational legislation; the Soviet period; Transcarpathia;
The second half of the 50th years of the XX century, after a complex and controversial first-decade stay of the Transcarpathia in the Soviet Union is characterized by the relatively quiet implementation of the Soviet education system. This period was marked by a series of reforms that they got the name «Khrushchev thaw», these reforms envisaged implementation of the positive transformation processes. In accordance with the law "On Strengthening of the School's Relationship with Life and Further Development of the System of Public Education in the Ukrainian SSR" (1959), all the Soviet republics have developed "Regulations about the Eight-Year School" (1960). By the Decree "On Measures to Further Improve of the Working Conditions of the Village Secondary School" (1973) the events were foreseen on the development of school education in the countryside, these measures were aimed at strengthening of the educational and material base of the schools, providing of them with skilled pedagogical personnel. For the rural teachers were foreseen additional privileges for loans for building houses, to the teachers with higher pedagogical education after their graduation the deferment from the call for a valid military service was provided for the whole period of their work in a rural school, such teachers had the right to buy food at purchasing prices, and so on. The law "About the Public Education" (1974) has introduced the general compulsory secondary education for youth, this law provides for a three-year study term in the primary school, and for pupils who will study in non-native language and for children who are not educated in preschool institutions, preparatory classes were organized. The Resolution "On the Main Directions of the Reform of the General Education and Vocational School" (1984) had carried out the transition to an eleven-year term of study, the term of study in the primary school was four years. It was suggested to teach the children at the primary school from the age of 6 years. The educational laws of the Soviet period, which regulated the terms of study in the primary school, the organization and management of the primary school, which regulated the language of instruction, the content of education, etc. were too ideological, but had a number of positive aspects which primarily concerned the organization of the activity of the primary schools in the mountainous and remote areas of the region. They introduced the target comprehensive programs "The Primary Classes", were aimed at strengthening of the material and technical base, etc.
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