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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 411-422

Keywords : ;

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Introduction:HIV/AIDS pandemic is evolving as a major public concern. Cardiovascular diseases are common in HIV-positive patients. Many patients without any symptoms or signs were found to have a cardiovascular disease on autopsy.It is expected that the risk of cardiovascular disease willrise in the following years due to the cardiovascular risk profile andincreased life expectancy of infected patients. Therefore,diagnosis andtherapy of HIV-associated cardiovascular diseases should be part of the evaluation and management of the HIV-positive patient. Objectives: To find out the frequency of cardiac manifestations on clinical examination, electrocardiography, chest X-ray, and echocardiographic examination. To assess the association of Cardiac abnormality with CD4 Count in patients with HIV/AIDS. Toevaluate the association between cardiac abnormalities with types and duration of antiretroviral therapy regimen (ART). Method:A total of 100 consecutive patients visiting ART OPD and admitted to our institute were examined for signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease. All patients were evaluated with electrocardiography, chest X-ray, and 2 D echocardiography. CD4 count was measured for all patients using flowcytometry using a BD FACS Count system. Results:Out of 100 patients, 53% were male and 47% were female. Patients were divided into subgroups with CD4 count <200, 200-349, 350-499, and ≥500. The mean CD4 count was 403.62 ± 284.98. Prevalence of the cardiovascular abnormality on ECG, chest X-ray, and echocardiography were 74%, 10%, and 51% respectively. The left ventricular systolic dysfunction was the most common finding in our study with fractional shortening ≤25% in 34% of patients and LVEF <50% in 27% of patients followed by left ventricular diastolic function (26%), dilated cardiomyopathy (6%), pulmonary hypertension (4%), and regional wall motion abnormality (2%).Reduced LV ejection fraction (<50%) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were statistically significant in patients with CD4 count less than 200/mm3. Conclusion: In present study electrocardiographic, chest X-ray and echocardiographic abnormalities were present in 74%, 10% and 51% patients respectively. Cardiac abnormalities such as QTc prolongation, LBBB, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were more significantly higher in patients with CD4 count less than 200/mm3. We could not find any statistically significant difference in cardiac abnormalities in patients on different ART regimens. Further studies are required with a higher sample size.

Last modified: 2021-11-05 17:19:07