THE LIFE AND PHILOSOPHICAL HERITAGE OF BUHARALI MUHAMMED B. MUBAREKSAHJournal: International Journal of Science Culture and Sport (IntJSCS) (Vol.3, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2015-08-25
Authors : Vahit CELAL;
Page : 439-446
Keywords : Philosophy-Hikmah; Logic; Islamic Philosophy; Religion; Tabiiyyah; Theology; Sharh;
Muhammed b. Mübarekşah lived in 14th century (d. 784/1382), the bright period of Islamic world. He is either lesser known or not known at all both in Islamic world and in the Central Asian Republics. His full name is Mirek Şemsiddin Muhammed b. Mübarekşah el-Buhari. There is not enough information about his life. The whole information in this regard consists of some indirect information given in books of tabaqat. It is known that he is from the city of Bukhara because of the correlation made by the word of Bukhari. Apart from that, various dates are mentioned in terms of the date of his death, varying between 1340 and 1413. Prof. Dr. Bekir Karlığa argues that his death has taken place after 784 (1382 AC). Mübarekşah’s three important works survived until today. One of them is the sharh that he has written on the book of Hidayetu’l-Hikmah by Esurüddin el-MufaddalIbn Omer el-Ebheri (d. 1265). There are several sharhs and hashiyahs written on this book. His second work is a sharh on the book named Hikmetu’l-Ayn by Ebu’l-Hasen Ali b. Muhammed el-Katibi elKavini (675-1276) on the sciences of philosophy and logic. The third work of Mübarekşah is the sharh on Haraki’s book on astronomy which is named Haşiyetu’l-Tebsirafi’l-Hey’e. Ebheri’s work of Hidayetu’l-Hikmah has been used as a textbook in Ottoman madrasas until final stages. This is the work on which most sharhs and hashiyahs are written and it takes an important place within Ottoman intellectual history. Mübarekşah’ssharhs, specifically the one that he has written on Hidayetu’l-Hikmah, became very famous and a subject of different hashiyahs. The subject will be examined in depth within the full text of the paper.
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