CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF UKRAINIAN NATIONAL HOUSING (PRYDNIPROVSK REGION IS AS AN EXAMPLE)Journal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2016, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2016-04-25
Authors : EYVSEYEVA G. P;
Page : 69-80
Keywords : saman; rolls; pise-walled house; clay-moulded house;
Nowadays it is difficult to see a typical, old peasant house, or different types of national confident buildings. It will take a little time and some monuments of national architecture will be difficult to find. Meanwhile, rural housing was the most massive object of traditional construction. It embodies the best achievements and experience of national architects; it is of great value for the history of Ukrainian culture, history of Ukrainian art, architecture and ethnography, sustainable construction. National art of peasant house construction of Prydniprovsk region of Ukraine, is multidimensional space and time in an array of hand-made Ukrainian art is a national architecture, its decoration, clothing filling of the interior of the house and estate, as well as plastic and spatial formation, determining loci ritual of family life of Ukrainian village since the ancient times to the present. Analysis of publications. The first publications about the Ukrainian national housing, was made in the late nineteenth - early twentieth century. These were the works of ethnographers and historians M.Sumtsova  and D. Bagalіya [1-4], G.Lukomskogo a little . B. Kharuzin’s work is interesting in the context of our study .. The interesting materials were found by us in the series of publications that have appeared in the end of XIX and beginning of XX centures and are associated with vital trend to build fire-resistant housing, and ukrainian peasant house was such kind of housing. "Nowadays such kind of peasant houses and storages are put because they cheap, strong and good and the most important is to be resistant to fire. Houses with brick and stone trying to be built by reach people, and houses with the clay and saman are built by poor people,they are elegant, strong, cheap long-existed and non-flammable " that is stated in the foreword to a small edition by I. Ulashivsky "Saman building" . A small booklet" Valkovi Building (with 20 figures into text). F.S. Dudko also describes in detail tehnology of ukrainian peasant houses construction as the safetiest and the cleanest houses of present. In the 70th of the XX century, works began to appear devoted to the study of nation architecture in Ukraine. The features of construction of one or another region, the types of peasant houses, their interior; construction of farm buildings, equipping of the yard were considered in this work. Among them A. Danyluk "Closed yards in Polesie" [6-7], A. Danyluk and M. Shpak "Traditional and new in boikivskyi housing construction" , M. Strunka "Ukrainian national housing of Mykolaivshchina" , M. Manurevich “Gagauz nation housing…”, Z. Petrova "Rural houses in the Carpathians"  and others [11; 13]. The purpose and the main directions of our research is to study the complex technology of the walls construction of the Ukrainians’national housing of Middle and Lower Naddniprianshchyny of Ukraine (of Prydniprovsk region) of the end of XIX and middle of the XX century, as the Dnipropetrovsk region belongs to this historical and geographical, industrial and economic region.
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Last modified: 2016-04-26 18:03:09