The Association between Urban Form and Ischemic Heart Disease: Evidence from Brisbane, AustraliaJournal: Austin Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology (Vol.2, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-03-31
Authors : Gudes O; Ball SJ; Dur F; Burke M; Varhol R;
Page : 1-10
Keywords : Ischaemic heart disease; Urban form and structure; Spatial analysis;
We measured the association between urban form and hospitalisation rates for Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD), stratified by age and sex, and controlling for ethnicity, socioeconomic status, proximity to hospital and neighbourhood walkability. This was a retrospective cohort study of the proportion of people within the Brisbane area of Australia, which were hospitalised between 2006 to 2011 with a primary diagnosis of IHD. There were strong spatial patterns in the incidence of IHD. The importance of predictor variables differed by sex and age. Urban form was generally not a strong predictor. This study suggests no strong relationship was identified between urban form factors and ischemic heart disease using this research approach.
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