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Role of Glycemic control and Lipid profile in management of Diabetic complications

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.4, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 45-51

Keywords : Hyperglycemia; Glycated haemoglobin; Dyslipidemia; End stage renal disease (ESRD); Retinopathy; Lipid profile; Neuropathy.;

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Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting about 6% of the world's population. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD), a major cause of non-traumatic amputations, responsible for preventable blindness and a leading cause of cardiovascular mortality. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the glycemic control by estimation of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and lipid profile in patients of Diabetes mellitus without complications and in Diabetes mellitus with complications like neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy and compare with controls. Material and methods: The present study comprised of 100 clinically diagnosed and confirmed cases of type 2 Diabetes mellitus attending and admitted in RNT Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL-Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol and VLDL-Cholesterol were calculated in all groups using Friedewald's formula. Result: Our study showed that HbA1c levels were significantly higher (p<0.01) in all groups of patients as compared to controls. The increase in Serum Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL-Cholesterol, VLDL-Cholesterol and decrease in HDL-Cholesterol levels were statistically significant (p<0.01) in Diabetic retinopathy and Diabetic nephropathy group as compared to controls, whereas in Diabetic neuropathy group and in Diabetes mellitus without complication, the increase in Serum Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL-Cholesterol, VLDL-Cholesterol and decrease in HDL-Cholesterol levels was not statistically significant as compared to controls. Conclusion: Our study revealed that poor glycemic control and dyslipidemia are associated with Diabetic complications like neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy. Estimation of glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile helps in predicting the development of microvascular complications. Therefore intensive glycemic control and aggressive treatment of dyslipidemia can help in reducing Diabetes mellitus associated complications.

Last modified: 2017-05-31 16:04:14