HISTORIOGRAPHIC INVESTIGATION OF THE 1898 ANDIJAN UPRISING IN THE FERGANA VALLEYJournal: The Way of Science (Vol.2, No. 31)
Publication Date: 2016-09-22
Authors : Avazov E.A.;
Page : 45-50
Keywords : Andijan; uprising; Fergana; muslims; struggle; revolution; colonialism; repression;
This article studies the issues of the 1898 Andijan uprising in the Fergana Valley. The characteristics of the historiography of the researched topic were analysed. The analysis and the comparison of the views of the researchers in pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods are presented. The tsarist government brutally suppressed the uprising. Kishlak Ming-Tube, which became the centre of the uprising, was razed to the ground and the Russian village was established on its place. Despite the defeat, the Andijan uprising was of great historical significance. It was the first step towards the national liberation struggle of the local population in Turkestan against the colonial policy of the autocracy. The Andijan uprising was the first uprising of the population of southern Kyrgyzstan against the Russian colonizers. The main reasons for the uprising were the increased exploitation of the local population by the Russian authorities, the tax burden, the urgent character of the land issue associated with the formation of “resettlement fund” due to the eviction of local residents from the best land, etc.
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