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Journal: Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (IAJPS) (Vol.04, No. 07)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 1902-1907

Keywords : Hypertension; essential hypertension; secondary hypertension;

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Objective: To study the demographical evaluation of hypertension in young individuals at tertiary care hospital Hyderabad. Patients and Methods: The cross sectional descriptive study of one year was conducted at tertiary care hospital Hyderabad. All the patients of, 12-40 years of age, either gender have history of hypertension or diagnosed as case of hypertension according to criteria of JNC VIII guidelines were enrolled and evaluate for the existent suspicious factor responsible for hypertension. The frequency and percentages was calculated while the mean ±SD was computed for numerical variables. Results: During one year study period total, total fifty young patients were studied for hypertension and its cause. The mean ±SD of age for whole population was 34.82±7.73 while the mean ±SD for systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 160.32±8.93 and 100.53±9.95 respectively. The family history was existence in 15 (30%), smoking and alcoholism in 20(40%) and 12 (24%). The common symptoms observed were headache 40 (80%), dyspnoea 35 (70%) and visual disturbance 30 (60%) while the identified common factors responsible for hypertension were essential hypertension 22 (44%), chronic glomerulonephritis 8(16%) and diabetic nephropathy 7(14%) with male gender predominance 30(60%). Conclusion: The hypertension is prevalent in young population and in present study the essential hypertension occupied 22 (44%) while the common causes detected for secondary hypertension were chronic glomerulonephritis 8(16%) and diabetic nephropathy 7(14%) Keywords: Hypertension, essential hypertension, secondary hypertension

Last modified: 2017-07-16 01:00:04