ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIA IN INFLAMMATORY PROCESS OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL AREA IN REGIONAL CENTER HOSPITALS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUSJournal: Journal of the Grodno State Medical University (Vol.15, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2017-08-17
Authors : Kabanova A. A.;
Page : 186-191
Keywords : antibiotic resistance; infectious-inflammatory diseases; maxillofacial region;
The aim of the present study is to determine antibiotic resistance of pathogenic bacteria in inflammatory process of the maxillofacial area in regional hospitals of the Republic of Belarus. Material and methods. In the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery of regional hospitals in Vitebsk, Gomel, Mogilev, Grodno and Brest in 2014-2015 the sensitivity of isolated pathogens to antibiotics was determined by using standard methods. Results. Staphylococcus spp. demonstrated the highest level of sensitivity to clindamycin, doxycycline, gentamicin. There was no vancomycin-resistant strains of staphylococci. The highest level of streptococcal sensitivity to clindamycin, ceftriaxone and fluoroquinolones was revealed. The highest level of streptococcal resistance to tetracyclines was revealed. The highest level of resistance of the Enterobacteriaceae spp. to antibiotics such as amikacin, ceftazidime, imipenem, ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone was revealed, the lowest – to amoxicillin / clavulanic acid. Conclusion. For the initial treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region clindamycin, ceftriaxone, fluoroquinolones can be recommended.
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