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Anthropometry and Somatotype Characteristics of Male Provincial Youth League Soccer Players in Zimbabwe According to Playing Positions

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 554-557

Keywords : Anthropometry; Somatotype; Endomorph; Mesomorph; Ectomorph.;

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The purpose of the study was to determine the anthropometric and somatotype characteristics of male provincial youth league soccer players according to their playing positions. Sixteen youth players (15.3±0.68 years) were purposively selected through volunteer participation from a club in Mashonaland Central Province of Zimbabwe. The following anthropometric variables were measured following the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK): height, body mass, skinfolds: (triceps, subscapular, biceps, iliac crest, supraspinale, abdominal and medial calf), girths: (arm relaxed, arm flexed and tensed, waist, gluteal, medial calf), and bone breadths: (bi-epicondylar humerus and bi-epicondylar femur). The following derived body composition variables were also calculated from the measurements; fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM), fat mass index (FMI), fat free mass index (FFMI), percentage body fat (%BF) and body density (Db). Somatotype was calculated using the Heath-Carter (1990) method. Results (mean±SD) were as follows; body mass 63.0±5.49kg, height 170.2±4.61cm, sum of skinfolds 41.1±6.00mm, %BF 10.0±1.19%), fat mass 6.3±1.05kg, fat free mass 56.7±4.79kg), fat mass index 2.2±0.27, fat free mass index 19.6±1.37 and Db 1.08±0.00 g/cc. Mean somatotype of the players was 1.56-3.45-2.74, (endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph). No statistically significant differences were observe among playing positions in both anthropometric and somatotype variables (p>0.05) except in height (p

Last modified: 2014-04-02 02:17:07