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Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 233-237

Keywords : prevention; addictive behavior; adolescents; social worker; alcoholism; smoking; drug addiction; toxicological substances.;

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The publication is devoted to the study of the content of social prevention of addictive behavior in adolescents. In the article the theoretical basis of social prevention of addictive behavior of adolescents has been defined, the nature and content of addictive behavior and diagnosis have been considered, the forms, methods and principles of social prevention of addictive behavior of adolescents have been analysed. Also practical work has been carried out on the development and testing of a set of measures for the social prevention of addictive behavior of adolescents. The article presents the theoretical synthesis and practical solution of scientific problems of addictive behaviour in the adolescent by social workers, determined to develop, study and practical implementation of the system of correction of addictive behaviour in the educational process of an educational institution. The term "addictive behaviour" (from the English addiction - vicious habit, a passion for something, vicious propensity) was introduced by V.Miller in 1984 to characterize the abuse of various substances that alter mental state, including alcohol, drugs and tobacco, by the like them formed a physical dependence. Prevention of addictive behaviour among the adolescents is as follows: goal, object, subject, content, tools, and techniques that form that corresponds to the traditional structure of social work. It has been established that social factors of addictive behaviour among adolescents are the following: tension in society; drinking traditions of society; pressure of tobacco or alcohol advertising; negative youth subculture; the transition to a new social role; inability to meet the need for personalization; double standard; psychological factors − especially psychology; stress and information overload; need to change the state of consciousness; need out of the ordinary. Social conditions of the emergence of addictive behaviour is the influence of family and family education, disadvantaged situations, conflict, single-parent families, the wrong types of education; negative social status in the team. Analysis of the results of research have been carried out by the following criteria: the formation of moral and psychological stability of personality, awareness of the nature and content of addictive behavior; the ratio of students to all the actions that we had applied. Consequently, most students who participated in the experiment are at high levels and sufficient moral and psychological stability of personality and awareness of the nature and content of addictive behavior. This demonstrates the effectiveness of our ongoing training program.

Last modified: 2018-01-09 20:57:32