LIBERAL TRAINING OF DOCTORS-TO-BE: PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTJournal: SCIENTIFIC BULLETIN OF UZHHOROD UNIVERSITY, SERIES «PEDAGOGY. SOCIAL WORK» (Vol.38, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2016-06-05
Authors : Yatsyshyna Olha; Melnychuk Iryna;
Page : 342-344
Keywords : liberal training; humanization; medical education; doctors-to-be; philosophy of education.;
The current labor market poses new requirements to a specialist. The current graduate student must be not only highly skilled professionals, but also fully developed personality, which has universal moral qualities, norms and values, interpersonal skills, and others. This problem is of key importance for graduates of medical universities, because their future professional activities directly related to a person who is also its main object. The medical profession is directly related to the person who is also the subject of medicine and question of humanizing medical education raises, so that to lay moral and ethical foundation for future professional activities of medical student as a future professional even at the early stages of his formation. The first mention ofthe need for humane treatment of human are rooted in ancient philosophers' manuscripts. Buddha's teachings is based on four higher virtues, the first among them is love. Chinese philosopher Confucius preached the humane treatment of humans. The basic moral principle of his philosophy – «ren» (humanity) – proclaimed the respect and love for people over age and social status. The formation of this virtue Confucius saw as the task of training and education. We can find mention of humanity in New Testament, where Matthew writes: «So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets». There are five basic moral qualities which are necessary for the doctor during their professional activity: humanity, which in turn includes the concept of philanthropy (kindness, compassion, justice, etc.) humanistic orientation (friendliness, attentiveness), empathy (compassion), altruism (caring, desire to help, willingness to help); tolerance, acquiescence; communicative competence – communicability, communicative tolerance; emotional stability – restraint, self-control, volitional self-regulation; politeness – integrity, honesty, tact, courtesy, responsibility, discipline etc. One of the basic principles that underpin humanitarian process for foreigners – future doctors is the principle of professional orientation. The essence of the principle of professional orientation is to use pedagogical tools that provide students by knowledge, skills, experience of creativity according to syllabuses of academic disciplines, resulting the emerging of interest in their chosen profession and formation of professional qualities of doctor-to-be. The principle of professional orientation of medical students' liberal training is realized primarily in the study of philosophy. Particularly during the classes on topics such as «Ontology», «Philosophical Anthropology» is the consideration of issues relating specifically to the basics of human existence, human's place in the world, the problems of life and death, individual rights to life and others. The analysis of these issues contributes to formation of doctors'-to-be value treatment to the patient as a person, who has feelings and experiences which should be considered by doctor within his future professional activities.
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