BIOMECHANICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE THREADED ELEMENT’S FORM OF THE TOTAL HIP ENDOPROSTHESIS’ ACETABULAR COMPONENTJournal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2017, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2018-05-02
Authors : PANCHENKO S. P. OLEYNIK A. E. KOVBASA E. A. FROLOV N. A.;
Page : 69-78
Keywords : calculated model; finite elements method; hip joint; treaded element; acetabular component; stress-strain state; endoprosthesis;
Total hip replacement (THR) remains to be responsible for the markable clinical achievements of contemporal orthopaedic surgery [1; 2; 4]. It should be noted, that numerous efforts to create an “ideal” uncemented hip endoprosthesis' construction were failed, but led into wide diversity of implants. Such a diversity allowes to individualize implant type selection and to improve implant's survival and total THR's clinical outcomes [1; 4]. Outcomes mentioned above determine successful application of total hip replacement as a treatment method. Consequently, development of new and improvement of existing hip endoprosthesis' constructions seems to be of current interest for contemporal orthopaedic surgery. Purpose. To determine optimal parametres of threaded element's geometry of total hip endoprosthesis' threaded acetabular component. Conclusion. There were revealed that threaded element model with right-angled triangle transverse section shape seems to be the most effective considering hardness, while the triangle is leaned on the bone massive with its cathetus. At the same time, results of calculations represent pelvic bone stress-strain state during THR quantitavely and stipulate further research.
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