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Comparitive Study on Optimization of Spray Drying Parameters for Beetroot Juice Powder using Box-Behenken Design and Central Composite Method

Journal: BEST : International Journal of Humanities , Arts, Medicine and Sciences ( BEST : IJHAMS ) (Vol.5, No. 12)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 53-58

Keywords : Spray Drying; Beet Root Juice; Optimization & Redness Value;

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Comparison on the optimization of beetroot juice powder were done using Box-Behnken design and central composite method, to optimize the spray drying parameters of inlet air temperature (160-180), maltodextrin addition rate (5-15%), and feed flow rate (400-600 ml/h). The experimental results were done for (p<0.05), fitted in the second order polynomial model, to describe and predict the responses, in terms of the powder yield, redness value and beta lain retention. Studies done with box-benken design showed the responses as redness value and betalain retention increased with an increase in maltodextrin concentration, and the optimum conditions were found as inlet air temperature:160 deg, feed flow rate:400ml/h, maltodextrin concentration:15%. Optimization, done with central composite method showed an increase in powder yield alone, with corresponding decrease in redness value, betalain retention and the optimizing conditions were inlet air temperature:170 deg, maltodextrin concentration:10% and feed flow rate:500ml/h. Redness value, along with powder yield plays an important factor, in the optimization of spray drying parameters, hence box behnken design is the most desirable operation.

Last modified: 2018-02-24 18:39:11