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Reduction of structural inhomogeneity of 35GL alloys through modification by means of electric emission current in the process of crystallization

Journal: Reporter of the Priazovskyi State Technical University. Section: Technical sciences (Vol.34, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 54-59

Keywords : electro impulse treatment; steel; structure; nonmetallic inclusions; physical homogeneity; manganese carbides;

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The method of a crystallizing alloy processing which makes it possible to obtain high-quality castings from 35GL steel has been considered. It has been shown that the electro impulse treatment of the melt improves the structure and reduces the physical heterogeneity of the castings. Processing of the melt with a current substantially increases the dissolution rate of metallic impurities and other components in the melt, provides a fine-grained structure, increases the homogeneity of the cast metal as well. The structural heterogeneity decreases as a result of the change in morphology and disorientation and as a result of manganese carbides grinding the size and quantity of the grain ball decrease from 7 to 8. Physical heterogeneity reduces due to the changes in the location and size of pores and nonmetallic inclusions; the content of gases and non-metallic inclusions reduces as well. In this article, studies of the modification of certain parameters by the electric impulse current, have been made. It results in a significant increase in the basic mechanical properties of the 35GL cast structural steel: the tensile strength increases by 9%, the toughness increases by 21%, and the hardness by 6% without changing the chemical composition of the steel, due to the fine grain structure

Last modified: 2018-04-11 20:20:24