Variants of clinical course of ischemic cerebrovascular disease in patients with multifocal vascular lesionsJournal: Medicni perspektivi (Vol.23, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2018-03-06
Authors : Rosits'ka O.A.;
Page : 23-30
Keywords : multifocal atherosclerosis; cerebral infarction; transient ischemic attack; dyscirculatory encephalopathy;
The study included 125 patients aged 40 to 84 years, with multifocal vascular lesions. All patients were divided into three clinical groups, depending on the localization of vascular lesions with stenotic atherosclerosis. According to the correlation analysis, there is a direct correlation between the presence of clinical manifestations of cerebral insufficiency and the age of patients. In multifocal vascular lesions, chronic forms of cerebral ischemia (dyscirculatory encephalopathy) were recorded in 69.2% of patients who had a cerebral infarction, and in 87.0% of patients with TIA in the anamnesis. The most common concomitant pathology in patients with multifocal vascular disease is hypertension of various degrees and stages (92.8% of patients), type 2 diabetes (20.0%). In the study, a direct relationship was established between the degree of hypertension and the acute disorders of cerebral circulation. Infarctions of the brain in patients with multifocal vascular lesions occurred in 72.8%, mainly in the carotid basin, which is 3.2 times higher than the frequency of myocardial infarction in the vertebrobasilar basin. With simultaneous atherosclerotic lesions of the vessels of the brain, heart and lower limbs, there was no TIA as an independent form, but a clinical transition to a cerebral infarction was immediately noted. Repeated heart attacks took place in 28% of patients in the general group, mainly with simultaneous atherosclerotic lesions of the brain and heart vessels (31.0%) or all three basins (26.3%). In atherosclerotic lesions of the vascular basins of the brain and heart, CHD is manifested earlier (58.6%), and in the case of cerebral and lower extremity vessels, ischemia of the lower extremities (73.7%). The time interval between repeated cerebral infarctions was shorter in patients who continued to smoke 4.5 times.
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