THE BORDERING AREAS (NINE AREAS OF PANJGUR DISTRICT) ISSUE OF PAKISTAN ABOUT HUMAN MALARIA PREVALENCE: A CROSS-SECTIONAL RESEARCH OF MALARIA PARASITES IDENTIFICATION IN BLOOD SLIDESJournal: Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (IAJPS) (Vol.05, No. 04)
Publication Date: 2018-04-09
Authors : Ishfaq Hassan Arif Hussain Ammar Waqas;
Page : 3110-3117
Keywords : Malaria; ACD; PCD and Panjgur.;
Objective: The objective of research was the malaria infection prevalence identification in the population of Southern Western Pakistan (Panjgur). Methods: Our research was by design cross-sectional and it identified the malaria parasites in the suspected patients' blood slides. Total malaria suspected patients were 6119. Research was completed in the time span of July, 2006 to June, 2008 with the help pf active and passive detention methods. Statistical analysis was carried out through SPSS – 11. Results: In total malaria suspects of 6119, we found that 2346 cases (38.3%) were positive for the smear slides of malaria parasite. In the total sample population 1868 cases (79.6%) were because of the infection of Plasmodium vivax and 478 cases (20.3%) were observed with P-Falciparum. However, we also observed a seasonal variation: highest infection was P. vivax as 131 / 144 (90.9%) in the month of November and it was observed low in October as 83 / 176 (47.1%). The males were higher in prevalence as 1831 (78%). In terms of age the prevalence was observed about disease as 334 (81.2%) and 860 (80%) respectively 1 – 10 and 11 – 20 years. We observed no case of P. oval and P. malaria in the time span of research and also there was no relation of age group and infection type. Conclusion: Infection of human malaria was frequently observed in the region of research, area of Baluchistan is one of the hottest areas of Pakistan. Among clinically-suspected malaria cases high positivity rate was observed. P. vivax was highly prevalent and it posed a significant threat to the healthcare; whereas, P. falciparum can also be a serious complication in addition to the cerebral malaria. Keywords: Malaria, ACD, PCD and Panjgur.
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