Insertion study of human capital and income in Mexico (2005 to 2013) by areas of professional performance andJournal: PAAKAT: Revista de Tecnología y Sociedad (Vol.5, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2015-02-28
Authors : Sergio Roberto Dávalos García; Angélica Beatriz Contreras Cueva;
Page : 1-11
Keywords : Employment; human stock; trajectory; formation field; gender;
Numerous studies have proven that people with a higher academic level have better chances of getting a job and earn a better income. Even so, differences may exist depending on workers fields, and several socio-demographic aspects such as age, experience, if he is the head of the family or not, civil status, if he has children or not, among others. In this paper, the path of the income occupation is analyzed, differentiated by gender, age groups and professional formation area. This analysis has made with the data of the national survey of occupation and employment 2005-2013 for the people with minimum degree studies. Results are estimate using Heckman's (Heckman, 1979) auto selection model, followed by two more salary models, one for men and another one for women, finally using the Probit model for estimating the probability of being employed due to field or formation and by gender. From the results, it is noted that women more often self-select to refrain from work and for them, the professional areas with lower employment opportunities are biology and the arts; for men the best income opportunities are in the areas of science arts, education and health. For women the best income opportunities are in the areas of education, science and architecture, increased income if married and have a degree and / or doctoral degree. Finally, this study reveals that women's income increases from 2010.
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