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Monument of the Late – Final Bronze Age in West Part of the Orenburg Region (Burial Mound Near the Kamenka Village)

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.3, No. 25)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 299-313

Keywords : archaeology; Orenburg Cis-Urals; necropolis; early stage of Srubnaya culture; the Srubnaya-Alakul cultures contactsperiod of the Chernogorovskaya culturestone ring structure; maxillofacial pendant;

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In the paper, the results of the excavation of two burial mounds of the cemetery near the village of Kamenka in West Orenburg region are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time. In the burial mound No. 1, a stone ring structure with pottery vessels confined to it was identified, in the center of which there was a pit - a cenotaph. The complex was abandoned by the population of the Srubnaya culture. Three burials were found in the burial mound No. 2. Two main graves have an early Srubnaya cultural affiliation. For women's burial has been characterized with features of the Pokrovka culture. It contained a rich inventory, including a rare finding for the region – the maxillofacial pendant. Male burial on the basis of the main features may be defined as Berezhnovka-Maevka culture. Judging by the data of radiocarbon analysis, in this necropolis the Berezhnovka type burial was accomplished somewhat earlier than the Pokrovka type burial. Inlet burial of the burial mound refers to the final period of the Bronze Age and tends to the Chernogorovskaya culture on the basis of the main features of the funeral rite.

Last modified: 2018-11-19 22:42:50