Analysis of Empty Container Accumulation Problem of Container PortsJournal: Journal of Eta Maritime Science (Vol.6, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2018-12-30
Authors : Ünal ÖZDEMİR;
Page : 319-332
Keywords : Empty Container; Container Ports; Fuzzy DEMATEL; Fuzzy TOPSIS;
In this study, the empty container problem is evaluated by quantification of factors related to empty container accumulation as well as alternative ways that can be followed for solutions. The study is mainly constructed as two parts; the first part is on identifying involving factors by using DEMATEL and the second part deals with alternative solutions by applying TOPSIS method. The main causes affecting empty containers were found as trading imbalance, irregular distribution, delivery time, unbalanced freight charges and inadequate port management. Finally, based on applied Multi Criteria Decision Making approach, this study suggests that empty container problem can be solved by sharing infrastructures and equipment among logistic companies, allocating storage areas for empty containers outside the ports and following robust fast custom regulations.
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